Analysis of the perfluorinated alkyl acids listed in EPA Method 537 along with fluorotelomeric alcohols and perfluorinated sulfonates were extracted using SPE (using ISOLUTE 101 500 mg/ 6 mL SDVB SPE columns) and analyzed on the LCMS 8045. Minimum Detection Limits(MDL) ranged from 0.69 to 3.25 ppt. Extraction recoveries were greater than 80% for all compounds, with surrogate recoveries within 10% of the true value.
This application note demonstrates an effective and efficient suported liquid extraction protocol for the clean up and concentration of a range of forensically significant opiates and their metabolites ISOLUTE, unknown screening,
The first decision that needs to be made is what the final analysis will be for the analyte. This will have an impact on the sample and cartridge size, as well as the final elution solvent. Gas chromatography offers higher sensitivity than HPLC, while HPLC is better suited for ionisable species and very high molecular weights. If LC-MS is available, minimal sample clean-up may be required.