Part No: AN879Issued year: 2017File size: 0.89mbFile type: pdf
There are a wide range of volatile and semi-volatile contaminants finding their way into both terrestrial bodies and water sources worldwide. In the United States (US), the contaminants are analyzed
according to stipulated US-EPA methods. In the European Union (EU), a large number of these same compounds are tested according to the European Water Framework Directive. Though these analytes are approached differently from a regulatory perspective, it is clear that background monitoring occurs on a global basis. Initial extraction of these analytes depends on the matrix being analyzed and is often a multifaceted process, but ultimately analysts are presented with some form of extraction/organic solvent they must concentrate to achieve instrumental limits of quantification. Presented within this technical note are the results of such an evaporative process using the new Biotage TurboVap® II.
Part No: AN050-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 1.23mbFile type: pdf
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are found throughout the environment and are recognized as a serious health threat. They accumulate in animals and plants and become more concentrated as they progress up the food chain. PCBs can be found in the fatty tissues of human populations in all industrial countries, and they can be passed from mother to fetus through the placenta and to an infant through breast milk. They have been introduced into the environment mainly through the use of Aroclor products.
Part No: AN086-HORIssued year: 2013File size: 0.76mbFile type: pdf
Natural and synthetic phenolic compounds have been used in a wide range of applications, from antiseptics and fungicides, to food additives. With the adoption of the Clean Water Act (CWA), many phenolic compounds were placed on a list of Priority Pollutants.
Part No: UI404Issued year: 2014File size: 0.24mbFile type: pdf
Although the general analysis process contains extraction, extract drying, and evaporation steps prior to chromatography, this note will describe a procedure for the concentration of organic solvent extracts containing phenolic compounds.
Part No: PPS430Issued year: 2016File size: 0.97mbFile type: pdf
At the Forensic Medicine Lab at Toho University, researchers use ISOLUTE® SLE+ columns from Biotage. When dealing with samples that easily form emulsions like urine or blood, it allows researchers to use the established liquid-liquid extraction technique, saving significant amount of time on analysis. We spoke with the Head of the Forensic Medicine Lab Professor Masaru Terada.
Part No: UI406Issued year: 2016File size: 0.33mbFile type: pdf
The SPE-DEX 3100 Extractor is controlled through a small hand-held controller tethered to the instrument. The color touch screen is easy to see from any angle and features large icons to show the status of each station in the unit at any time.
Part No: Issued year: 2009File size: 0.12mbFile type: pdf
Biotage AB was established in 1997 under the name Pyrosequencing AB and a number of acquisitions were performed within the Medicinal Chemistry sector during the years of 2003-2005. After divesting the business area Biosystems in October 2008, the Company’s business is today made up entirely of the business area Discovery Chemistry. Biotage’s headquarters is located in Uppsala.
Part No: Issued year: 2010File size: 0.2mbFile type: pdf
Biotage AB was established in 1997 under the name Pyrosequencing AB. The Company made a number of acquisitions in the medicinal chemistry sector between 2003 and 2005. Following the disposal of the Biosystems business area, the Company consists of one business area – Discovery Chemistry. The Company’s head office is situated in Uppsala. Biotage applies the Swedish Code of Corporate Governance (”the Swedish Code”). The diagram below shows Biotage’s corporate governance model and how the central bodies interact.
Part No: Issued year: 2011File size: 0.72mbFile type: pdf
Biotage AB was established in 1997 under the name Pyrosequencing AB. The Company made a number of acquisitions in the medicinal chemistry sector between 2003 and 2005. Following the disposal of the Biosystems business area, the Company consists of one business area – Discovery Chemistry. The Company’s head office is situated in Uppsala. Biotage applies the Swedish Code of Corporate Governance (“the Swedish Code”). The diagram below shows Biotage’s corporate governance model and how the central bodies interact.
Part No: Issued year: 2013File size: 0.11mbFile type: pdf
Biotage AB was established in 1997 under the name Pyrosequencing AB. The Company made a number of acquisitions in the medicinal chemistry sector between 2003 and 2005. Following the disposal of the Biosystems business area, the Company is mainly active within analytical and organic chemistry.
Part No: PPS445Issued year: 2017File size: 0.62mbFile type: pdf
Ease of use is what stands out as the top feature of Isolera™ flash chromatography
system for Professor Anna Bernardi, head of the synthetic organic chemistry
research group at the University of Milan. Her current research goal: developing
sugar-like molecules, called glycomimetics, for healthier life.
Part No: PPS443.V.1Issued year: 2019File size: 2.98mbFile type: pdf
Analysis of drug panels in urine samples can be challenging, and the trend towards larger panels including multiple drug classes compounds the issues faced during method development.
This white paper examines a number of aspects of sample preparation, and their impact on the success of subsequent LC-MS/MS analysis of broad urine panels.
Section 1 examines the applicability of various sample preparation techniques: supported liquid extraction, reverse phase SPE and mixed-mode SPE, to the various classes of drugs extracted. In addition, hydrolysis approaches: enzyme type and protocol used (time, temperature), are compared.
Mixed-mode reverse phase/cation exchange SPE is widely used for extraction of basic drug classes from urine, but the inclusion of drugs and metabolites that exhibit ‘non-typical’ functionality within urine panels can be problematic. Section 2 examines the impact of various parameters (interference wash strength, elution solvent composition) on analyte retention, elution and extract cleanliness with particular focus on zwitterionic (gabapentin, pregabalin) and non-ionic (carisoprodol, meprobamate) drugs.
Part No: Issued year: 2011File size: 0.07mbFile type: pdf
Through innovative patented technology based on molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs)
you will experience improved clean up in your processes. With a high probability of success,
unwanted contaminants or high value desirables can be selectively extracted from your
processes, resulting in more efficient production and cleaner products.
Part No: P102Issued year: 2014File size: 0.6mbFile type: pdf
Designed polymers are a class of selective resins with engineered selectivities for particular target molecules or ‘classes’ of molecules. These designed polymers are obtained by careful tuning of their surface chemistry and morphology which allows them to exhibit unique separation capabilities. The tailored and optimized selectivity of designed polymers is utilized to conduct difficult separations that are not able to be accomplished with conventional separation resins or other techniques.
Part No: AN954Issued year: 2010File size: 0.09mbFile type: pdf
This paper demonstrates how the introduction of simple automated technology and a modification in analysis. Can
positively impact analytical results and overall throughput for critical environmental testing.
Part No: AN053-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.3mbFile type: pdf
Carbaryl, a commonly used insecticide for the past 20 years, has become a significant environmental concern throughout the world. Also known through its trademarked name Sevin, it is a cholinesterase inhibitor and can be toxic to humans, causing problems in the blood, nervous, and reproductive systems.
Part No: AN089-HORIssued year: 2014File size: 2.48mbFile type: pdf
Deoxynivalenol is a common mycotoxin found in agricultural grain crops and final consumer processed products. Most impacted are wheat, barley, and corn. Deoxynivalenol, also known as Vomitoxin, is produced by Fusarium fungi and has a unique dual-stage growth cycle of producing mold during warm daylight and toxin during cool nights. There is no known procedure or processing that will remove deoxynivalenol that is already present in grain.
Part No: AN001-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.35mbFile type: pdf
Hormones in drinking water are a growing concern, since the presence of these compounds can potentially be linked to serious health hazards such as human developmental and reproductive side-effects. Hormones are introduced into our environment in several ways. Natural and synthetic hormones that are given to livestock, pass though the animals, runoff into surface water, and leach into underground water supplies. Humans also produce and excrete natural hormone waste every day.
Part No: AN012-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.99mbFile type: pdf
The second Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Regulation (UCMR2) program was developed to monitor US drinking water sources for currently unregulated compounds. EPA Method 529 is categorized under List 1, Assessment Monitoring in the UCMR2 program, and focuses on three explosives: 1,3-dinitrobenzene; 2,4,6- trinitrotoluene (TNT); and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5- triazine (RDX). The resulting data will be used by the EPA to determine whether or not regulatory standards should be established for these compounds.
Part No: AN057-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.72mbFile type: pdf
At present, pollution of freshwater algae has become aglobal environmental problem. Of all the different pollution types, microcystin LR is the most toxic and the most acute hazard as far as is known presently
Part No: AN078-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.25mbFile type: pdf
This application note was developed to demonstrate the extraction of five organophosphate compounds Monocrotophos, Diazinon, Malathion, EPN, and Methamidophos using one solid phase extraction method with one pre-treatment step of sodium chloride (NaCl). The method uses the Biotage® Horizon 4790 automated SPE extraction system. It will show the efficiency of the extraction while demonstrating excellent recoveries of OPP compounds using methylene chloride and minimal amounts of acetone after sample pre-treatment with sodium chloride. Methods were developed and results are shown using 47 mm Atlantic® HLB-H disks and carbon cartridges.
Part No: P201Issued year: 2019File size: 0.9mbFile type: pdf
An extraction protocol using a 10 mg mixed-mode cation exchange sorbent (EVOLUTE® EXPRESS CX) was developed and various sample sizes were assessed to determine the optimal sample volume for a 98-compound DOA panel. A method involving microelution off of the sorbent requiring no evaporation or reconstitution steps were also developed.
Part No: AN009-HOR.V.1Issued year: 2015File size: 0.58mbFile type: pdf
Method 525.2 describes the procedure to determine a full suite of low concentration semi-volatile organic compounds in drinking water using solid phase extraction (SPE) or liquid–solid extraction (LSE) techniques. The City of Fort Worth, Water Department implemented an automated SPE process for the analysis of semi-volatiles by EPA Method 525.2 using the Atlantic® C18 solid phase extraction disk. Ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to condition the Atlantic C18 disk prior to the extraction step. The extraction solvents used were a 1:1 mixture of methylene chloride and ethyl acetate. Extracts were then analyzed by GC/MS using a splitless injection technique.
Part No: AN108-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 2.35mbFile type: pdf
Drinking water is a critical resource important for human health. As water becomes more scarce, quality will become increasingly important and monitoring will be required more frequently and at lower concentration levels. The number of compounds and lower concentrations for monitoring will make extraction and analysis even more challenging.
Part No: AN019-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.92mbFile type: pdf
The City of Fort Worth, Water Department conducted an evaluation of the Atlantic™ solid phase extraction (SPE) C18 disks using EPA Method 608. This application note describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs in wastewater. This procedure used methylene chloride as the primary extraction solvent, followed by a hexane solvent exchange. Extracts were then analyzed by GC/ECD using a pressure pulse injection technique.
Part No: AN021-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.89mbFile type: pdf
Method 1657 describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organophosphorus pesticides in municipal and industrial wastewater.
The City of Fort Worth Water Department implemented Automated SPE for the analysis of organophosphorous pesticides by EPA Method 1657, using the Atlantic™ C18 solid phase extraction disk.
The Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extraction System with Envision®
Platform controller, and the DryVap® Automated Drying
and Concentration System were used in this application note.
Part No: AN072-HORIssued year: 2012File size: 0.88mbFile type: pdf
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, naturally occurring in coal, crude oil, gasoline, and their byproducts (e.g. coal tar or creosote). In addition, PAHs are formed in the incomplete combustion processes of all organic materials, such as wood or fossil fuels. Consequently, the EU water framework directive (WFD) lists in its annex X the whole group of PAHs as priority hazardous substances.
Part No: AN038-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 2.13mbFile type: pdf
This application note demontrates that the Biotage® fully automated extraction, drying and concentration systems used with the Atlantic™ HLB disk are capable of extracting PAH compounds from sea water.
Typical extraction times using the Biotage® Horizon 4790 range from 20 to 25 minutes while drying and concentration on the DryVap® with the DryDisk® took approximately 35 minutes.
Part No: AN055-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.36mbFile type: pdf
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a worldwide contamination problem. Structurally similar to PCBs, these compounds are long-lived in the environment and can bio-accumulate throughout the food chain. The health hazards of these chemicals have attracted increasing scrutiny and, as such, a great deal of research and regulations have been implemented to manage and control them.