Part No: T38Issued year: 2009File size: 0.06mbFile type: pdf
The Bleed Valve Assembly is provided to control the level of vacuum applied to the Extractor. This
Tech Tip provides instructions on installing the Bleed Valve Assembly on the Horizon Technology
Part No: PPS347Issued year: 2014File size: 0.49mbFile type: pdf
Trends on chemical synthesis have changed over recent years, with a more targeted approach to molecular design becoming more prevalent. As a result, the speed with which a new compound can be synthesized is key to an efficient laboratory.
Part No: F0051403_01Issued year: 2014File size: 0.14mbFile type: pdf
The Speed-Vap IV is a modern evaporation system providing safe and simultaneous unattended evaporation of up to nine pans of evaporating solvent for extractable hydrocarbons such as hexane oil and grease extractions generated using methods such as US EPA 1664, ISO 11349:2010 or Standard Methods 5520. It can also be used to evaporate solvents from extracted soil hydrocarbons and fats from foods.
Part No: TN522Issued year: 2004File size: 0.03mbFile type: pdf
Microwave assisted organic synthesis has become an important tool to medicinal chemists for rapid organic synthesis. Thousands of research papers have appeared over the last decades on the application of microwave technology in organic synthesis.1 Some of the major advantages include a spectacular decrease in reaction time, improved conversions, clean product formation and wide scope for the development of new reaction conditions.
Part No: P215Issued year: 2020File size: 0.34mbFile type: pdf
Peptides are well suited for use as tool compounds to interrogate biological systems and processes due to their chameleonic ability to mimic a potential protein partner within the biological system of interest. Their use in this application continues to grow as the rules governing permeability across the plasma membrane are further elucidated. Unfortunately, a well-defined secondary structure is often required for productive interaction with the other protein partners within the system of interest. ACS, Spring, 2020
Part No: Issued year: 2002File size: 0.36mbFile type: pdf
The first decision that needs to be made is what the final analysis will be for the analyte. This will have an impact on the sample and cartridge size, as well as the final elution solvent. Gas chromatography offers higher sensitivity than HPLC, while HPLC is better suited for ionisable species and very high molecular weights. If LC-MS is available, minimal sample clean-up may be required.
Part No: PPS618Issued year: 2020File size: 1.91mbFile type: pdf
Load-Wash-Elute SPE, eliminating conditioning and equilibration steps can provide excellent extraction performance while reducing complexity and processing time. Elimination of the evaporation step using microelution SPE can also bring significant time savings.
Part No: P210Issued year: 2019File size: 0.56mbFile type: pdf
This poster evaluates two “pass through” solid phase extraction techniques: (protein removal/phospholipid depletion (ISOLUTE PLD+) and dual mode extraction (ISOLUTE HYDRO DME+)) and supported liquid extraction (ISOLUTE SLE+) for a group of about 100 drugs of abuse compounds in whole blood.
Part No: P167Issued year: 2017File size: 0.42mbFile type: pdf
For most organic and natural product chemists flash
chromatography is a necessary part of their research. As such, many chemists need quick isolation of at least one desired component from a crude mixture in relatively high yield and purity. This need for speed, purity, and yield pits these desires against each other as you can typically optimize on only two of the three goals.
In this poster, we will describe some techniques that help chemists optimize flash purification and maximize speed, yield, and purity.
Part No: P188Issued year: 2018File size: 0.33mbFile type: pdf
Herein we identified an optimized protocol
for removing an Acm protecting group using the Biotage®
Initiator+ Alstra™ and applied the protocol for a fully
automated synthesis with on-resin disulfide bond formation,
simplified with the Branches™ software feature. The results
presented herein provide a route amenable to the synthesis of
other disulfide rich peptides, greatly reducing the effort put
toward synthesizing these complex molecules.
Part No: P021Issued year: 2008File size: 1.87mbFile type: pdf
It is well known that traditional liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) provides very clean extracts prior to LC/MS analysis. Supported liquid extraction is analogous to traditional LLE, however, analyte partitioning takes place using an inert support material, rather than two immiscible liquids. This provides excellent extraction efficiencies while alleviating
many of the tedious liquid handling issues associated with LLE.
Part No: AN897Issued year: 2018File size: 2.27mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes a streamlined procedure for
sample pre-treatment and extraction of a panel of 49 drugs
of abuse from human hair, using Biotage® Lysera for matrix
micropulverization, prior to direct transfer to clean up using
ISOLUTE® SLE supported liquid extraction.
Part No: AN069-HORIssued year: 2011File size: 0.79mbFile type: pdf
Laboratories which take in a high volume of aqueous samples will know that every sample is different. Samples can contain varying amounts of suspended particulates and/or sediment due to either the source of the water, or the collection technique. Still other samples may form precipitates under elevated pH conditions resulting in
emulsions. These types of samples have historically proven very challenging when using solid phase extraction (SPE).
Part No: UI298.v1Issued year: 2019File size: 0.37mbFile type: pdf
1) Remember to add stir bar for efficient mixing. Catalysts, salts, or visible precipitate should be washed clear of head space and into solution. Particles adhering to glass head space could cause excessive heating increasing possibility of failure of vial. Stay within specified vial volume range (see diagram for proper filling).
Part No: TechTipIssued year: 2011File size: 0.04mbFile type: pdf
Within each disk holder there is a support screen. The disk holders that we will cover are used with a broad range of Horizon products. The placement and condition of the support screen is critical to the functioning of these products.
Part No: P080Issued year: 2014File size: 0.88mbFile type: pdf
This poster describes the benefits of supported liquid extraction and highlights its use in removal of endogenous matrix components that cause ion suppression/enhancement (matrix effects) in LC-MS/MS analyses.
Part No: P118Issued year: 2015File size: 0.48mbFile type: pdf
This poster examines the use of ISOLUTE SLE+ columns as an alternative to SPE for the extraction and clean up of hair samples containing drugs of abuse. SLE was found to be a simple, faster alternative to SPE for this type of analysis.
Part No: PPS560Issued year: 2019File size: 1.6mbFile type: pdf
ISOLUTE® SLE+ products contain Biotage second generation extraction media – a refined, porous, highly purified diatomaceous earth based sorbent – advanced support enabling chemists to mimic the liquid-liquid extraction mechanism, without chemically interacting with the sample.
Part No: P089Issued year: 2014File size: 0.79mbFile type: pdf
This poster presents a novel method for the simultaneous extraction, derivatization and subsequent detection of both the traditional 25-hydroxy and the biologically active 1α,25-dihydroxy vitamin D metabolites in serum.
Part No: Issued year: 2013File size: 0.35mbFile type: pdf
Leu-Enkephalin-amide (YGGFLNH2, Ca. MW = 554.65) was synthesized on the Rink amide ChemMatrix® resin at a scale of 0.5 mmol. Crude peptide (100 mg) was purified in duplicate using the Isolera Dalton equipped with a Biotage® SNAP KP-C18-HS 12g cartridge.
Part No: AN097Issued year: 2014File size: 0.73mbFile type: pdf
A branched peptidoglycan mimic and a tetra-branched antimicrobial peptide analogue were synthesized on a lysine scaffold using Biotage® Initiator+ Alstra™ microwave peptide synthesizer. These peptide modifications are challenging to synthesize and automate, however, the procedure was operationally simplified using Branches™.
Part No: AN053Issued year: 2010File size: 0.92mbFile type: pdf
It has recently been demonstrated that specific recognition of rhizobial bacteria by the signaling molecule Nod-factor receptor 5 (NFR5) relies on LysM domains. The LysM (lysine motif) domain is believed to be involved in the regulation of the interaction between plants and rhizobial bacteria to promote plant growth. The LysM domain is predicted to consist of two-α
helices and a two-stranded anti-parallel β-sheet in a β-α-α-β structure and has been identified in NFR5 by sequence alignment of the crystal structure with the LysM domain of Bacillus subtilis ykuD.2 The synthesis of the C-terminal and the N-terminal regions of LysM domains provide significant challenges, this is presumably due to the formation of β-sheet like structures, which are known to pose problems for peptide chain assembly.
Part No: AN055Issued year: 2012File size: 0.28mbFile type: pdf
C-terminal peptide aldehydes are key components in oxime and hydrazine ligations and their synthesis is therefore very desirable. A well established method for the synthesis of C-terminal modified peptides including peptide aldehydes, is the backbone amide linker (BAL) strategy (Scheme 1).1 In this strategy, the first amino acid is anchored by reductive amination followed by acylation of the newly formed secondary amine. Thus, the growing peptide chain is anchored not through the C-terminal carboxyl but through a backbone amide nitrogen giving access to, in principle, any C-terminal modification.
Part No: AN054Issued year: 2011File size: 0.39mbFile type: pdf
A number of biologically active natural products contain N-methyl amino acids. N-Methyl amino acid containing peptides are potentially useful therapeutics as they have improved pharmacological properties such as such as proteolytic stability, bioavailability, lipophilicity, enhanced potency and receptor selectivity. The synthetic challenges associated with the synthesis of peptides containing consecutive N-methyl amino acids are well known1,2 and often require coupling reagents such as PyBOP3, HATU4 or even triphosgene4 to obtain high coupling yields. Syro Wave.
Part No: AN052Issued year: 2010File size: 0.26mbFile type: pdf
One of the current challenges in peptide science is the assembly of long peptides and small proteins, which has to overcome the accumulation of side-reactions and the hurdles posed by so-called difficult sequences. During the synthesis of difficult sequences the peptide chain most likely becomes partially inaccessible typically due to the formation of secondary structures, especially β-sheets, which can inhibit acylation and deprotection during synthesis, resulting in truncated sequences. In addition, steric hindrance from β-branched amino acids can be a problem.
Part No: Issued year: 2014File size: 1.01mbFile type: pdf
We have demonstrated the capability of the Biotage® Initiator+ Alstra
microwave peptide synthesizer to fully synthesize branched and cyclic
peptides. The synthesis included specialized reactions of non-linear peptides and a high degree of purity was achieved. Furthermore, the Branches software feature provides an extensive overview for the scheduling and visualization of operations in order to make complex peptide modifications and is a great addition to the toolbox for the peptide chemist. Presented at EPS, Sofia, 2014.
Part No: Issued year: 2005File size: 0.29mbFile type: pdf
Microwave technology at ChemDiv
Standard procedure for Suzuki coupling:
Building block 1-25 (0.25 mmol), the correspondent boronic acid (0.50 mmol) was heated under microwave irradiation (180oC, 10-40 min) in the presence of catalyst [PdCl2(PPh3)2 or dichlorobis(triphenyl-phosphine)palladium(II) polymer bound and Cs2CO3 as a base in DME/Water (50/50) as solvent.
Part No: AN081Issued year: 2014File size: 0.79mbFile type: pdf
This application demonstrates the reproducible multiple peptide
synthesis on a Syro parallel peptide synthesizer equipped with Syro
heating blocks. Effective heat transfer combined with efficient vortex
mixing make this system a powerful tool for the synthesis of multiple
peptides with increased throughput capability.
Part No: AN069Issued year: 2013File size: 0.47mbFile type: pdf
The human β-amyloid (1-42), H-DAEFRHDSGYEVHHQKLVFFAEDVGSNKGAIIGLMVGGVVIA-NH2 (1), sequence is a wellknown difficult sequence to synthesize.1,2 This is due to its
high hydrophobicity at the C-terminus and on-resin aggregation. The peptide is known to be one of the main constituents in amyloid plaques in the brain of Alzheimer’s patients.
Synthetic amyloid peptides are essential research tools to study the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases, however, their solid-phase assembly is non-trivial.
Part No: TN/UG-0029.0110Issued year: 2009File size: 0.75mbFile type: pdf
The Biotage Syro Wave™ system is a programmable peptide synthesizer that is capable of both conventional room temperature parallel peptide synthesis and microwave assisted peptide synthesis. The system is a fully automated and computer controlled peptide
synthesizer, based on a pipetting robot with a single arm.
Part No: Issued year: 2011File size: 0.23mbFile type: pdf
• Biologically active peptides isolated from natural sources, e.g. marine sponges, often contain multiple N-methylated residues. Additionally, Nmethylation of synthetic peptides can improve pharmacokinetic properties like bio-availability and stability.
Part No: TV-SS-02Issued year: 2010File size: 0.1mbFile type: pdf
The TurboVap II sensor is designed to monitor the concentration process. It does this with light and logic. The sample tube stem sits in a light beam at about 0.8mL for 1mL tubes and at 0.5mL for the 0.5mL tubes. Every second, a microprocessor receives an indication of the change in optical density of the solution being concentrated. Small changes in optical density over a thirty second period are registered to memory and become the new initial or zero point for the sensor to look at the next change. When the sample is done and the meniscus crosses the sensor beam, a large change in optical density takes place and the TurboVap II beeps. The change for either dark or clear must persist for several seconds for the sensor to beep. At this point the gas flow stops and an alarm sounds to indicate that the sample is complete. When the attendant looks at the control panel, a blinking light indicates which position is complete.
Part No: P182Issued year: 2018File size: 0.31mbFile type: pdf
Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) is an excellent mechanism to extract and concentrate PFCs from drinking water and isolate the compounds of interest from interferences and is a standard part of the method
» Automation for the SPE step provides a number of advantages in this analysis including improving reproducibility and reducing the chance of contamination
» This work demonstrated compliance with quality control requirements of US EPA method 537 and overall excellent results
Part No: Issued year: 2006File size: 0.09mbFile type: pdf
Why Use MAOS?
• Accelerated reaction kinetics
• Increased conversion of starting materials to products
• Reaction mixtures are often cleaner than conventional synthesis
• Small to large scalability
• Auto-sampler allows for overnight runs
• Extremely easy to operate
Part No: AN066-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 1.39mbFile type: pdf
The extraction of samples for specialized liquid chromatography (LC) applications is frequently challenged by the need for a very particular solvent, or mix of solvents which are required to achieve the correct chromatography. These methods typically extract the analytes of interest into a water soluble solvent such as methanol and concentrate the extracts to total dryness before reconstituting the residue in another solvent. The evaporation step can be done using commercially available concentration apparatuses such as water baths or nitrogen gas sparging. However, these require constant analyst intervention to prevent the residue from being carbonized or otherwise thermally degraded.
Part No: AN034-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.76mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 8141B describes the performance based procedure to determine low ppb levels of organophosphorous pesticides in ground water.
The OP pesticides are extracted using solid phase extraction (SPE) based on the procedure outlined in Method 3535A for OP pesticides by Method 8141. The analysis is performed with capillary GC using a FPD
(flame photometric detector). This initial demonstration of capability was conducted using the Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extractor System.
Part No: AN127Issued year: 2020File size: 0.9mbFile type: pdf
Wetting and equilibration of C18 columns for flash chromatography
are best performed at the highest possible pressures/
flowrates in order to remove the air trapped inside the porous
material. That will make more C18-sites activated and accessible
during the chromatography run.
Part No: AN075-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.65mbFile type: pdf
The chemical 1,4-dioxane is primarily used as an industrial solvent or solvent stabilizer. Its carcinogenic classification by US EPA in Group B2 and by the state of California in Proposition 65 (safe harbor limit of 30 μg/day) along with its more recent detection in multiple groundwater supplies across the US have led to its placement on the UCMR 3 list to evaluate its occurrence in
drinking water supplies. This has increased demand for testing.
Part No: AN074-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.25mbFile type: pdf
The initial use of many chlorinated pesticides, herbicides, and organohalides were to aid humanity. DDT was created to control mosquito populations which significantly limited the number of malaria and typhus cases in World War II; while the use of Atrazine has increased the production of corn and sugar cane farms and helped to supply the world
with the food it so drastically needs.
Part No: AN083-HORIssued year: 2012File size: 1mbFile type: pdf
This Application Note outlines the process used to extract diquat and paraquat from water samples using the Biotage Horizon SmartPrep Automated Solid Phase Cartridge Extractor, according to EPA method 549.2.
Part No: AN113-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.48mbFile type: pdf
Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), also known as PFAAs, can be found in commercial and industrial uses such as firefighting foams, package material coatings, nonstick cookware, waterproofing and stain proof fabrics. PFCs are all manmade and have unique properties such as repelling water, oil and heat. They are very difficult to break down and persist in the environment.
Part No: Issued year: 2010File size: 1.9mbFile type: pdf
User Report: V-10, Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma. Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma is recognized worldwide for its highly creative drug discovery program for treating neuropsychiatric disorders, and in specialized areas with high unmet medical needs. Its Genomic Science Laboratories installed the V-10 evaporation system in 2008, which has been used extensively for drying in-house compounds. We asked two researchers at that facility, Mr. Masahiko Ikeda and Mr. Fumitaka Nishino, about their use of the V-10 in their daily work.
Part No: Issued year: 2005File size: 0.57mbFile type: pdf
Use of the unique opportunities of an academic environment for the synthesis of high-quality libraries of diverse chemical structures to discover small molecules with
architecturally novel scaffolds and a wide range of physicochemical properties and to develop innovative new methodologies for Diversity-Oriented Organic Synthesis
Part No: PPS537.V.1Issued year: 2018File size: 0.68mbFile type: pdf
One of the recent introductions is a system to extract a full range of acid/base neutral compounds from various types of water samples using a One-Pass system. In this case, rather than extract water at pH 2, adjust the pH of the water to 12 and re-extract, the water is passed once through a multi-media SPE disk and then a carbon cartridge before being delivered to waste. The elegance of this approach is the elimination of the basification step, which requires additional labor adjusting the pH and time passing the sample through the disk a second time after the first elution of acids and neutrals. The additional benefit of omitting the basification step eliminates the formation of insoluble metal hydroxides that can restrict the flow of sample through the disk or add significant time if a liquid-liquid extraction is used.
Part No: F0211609_01Issued year: 2011File size: 0.52mbFile type: pdf
Dioxins are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that are of concern around the world. They need to be efficiently extracted and then are usually measured with HRGC/HRMS using methods such as US EPA 1613 or ISO 18073:2004 for guidance. The SPE-DEX 4790 using solid phase extraction disks is a well-established technology that can be used for this application.
Part No: TN115Issued year: 2006File size: 0.08mbFile type: pdf
This Chemistry Data Sheet describes the use of ISOLUTE® HM-N as a support material for pre-absorption of a
reaction mixture prior to flash chromatography. This approach is used as a solution to loading reaction
mixtures that are only soluble in polar solvents onto an ISOLUTE Flash SI II or Flash NH2 column.
Part No: TN118Issued year: 2006File size: 0.07mbFile type: pdf
ISOLUTE HM-N is a modified form of diatomaceous earth that can efficiently absorb aqueous samples. ISOLUTE HM_N is chemically inert and stable in the pH range 1-13. These characteristics make it a versabile material that plays an important role in many sample preparation applications.
Part No: Issued year: 2006File size: 0.83mbFile type: pdf
• Novo Nordisk A/S & radiochemistry at Novo Nordisk A/S
• Introduction to radiochemistry in general
• Radiochemistry & microwaves
• Selected case stories from the labs at Novo Nordisk A/S
• Applications of radiolabelled compounds
• Summary and acknowledgements
Part No: TechTipIssued year: 2011File size: 0.09mbFile type: pdf
This month’s topic of discussion will be the operation of the valves within the SPE-DEX® 1000/3000 extractors. There are several internal valves in the extractors, the solvent to waste valve, the sample collect valve and the water to waste valve.
Part No: PPS584Issued year: 2019File size: 0.46mbFile type: pdf
Dr. Picado works within the Structural Genomics Consortium
(SGC), housed under the Eshelman School of Pharmacy at the
University of North Carolina. Their team consists of chemists
and biologists who all work under the SGC. We were able
to discuss Dr. Picado’s most recent project at SGC and why
Biotage’s columns made such an impact.
Part No: P016Issued year: 2007File size: 0.16mbFile type: pdf
In order to obtain a fast synthesis of an N-unprotected tripeptide, microwave (mw) assisted deprotection, coupling and partial deprotection were applied starting with a purified protected dipeptide [Fig. 1]. The three consecutive mw assisted steps were performed without any intermediate purifications and were accomplished within some 30 minutes. The resulting crude mixture containing the Boc deprotected tripeptide ester was shown to be quite complex [Fig. 2]. The crude product was subjected to automated reversed phase flash chromatography, followed by automated fraction pooling and “thin film evaporation”. The total time for the entire procedure was 1 h 20 min. The purity of the product was > 99%.
Part No: P197Issued year: 2019File size: 1.01mbFile type: pdf
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a group of compounds that have been used in a wide array of industrial and household applications, including fabric protectors, non-stick coatings for cookware, coatings for food packaging and in some fire-fighting foams.
Their persistence in the environment allows them to accumulate in water sources, particularly those used for consumption.
This work will demonstrate the use of a cartridge-based extraction
system to extract and quantify up to 24 PFC compounds in drinking
water to highlight the challenges associated with this application.
Part No: PPS484Issued year: 2018File size: 0.21mbFile type: pdf
Dr. Simon Hammann is Postdoctoral Researcher at the
Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, University
of Bristol. By combining chemistry with archeological
research, he is able to look back in time and has produced
the first direct chemical evidence for dietary cereal
processing among Romans.
Part No: PPS433Issued year: 2016File size: 0.78mbFile type: pdf
Customer Case: Japan Frozen Foods Inspection Corporation.
The Japan Frozen Foods Inspection Corporation (JFFIC) made the transition from traditional mouse
testing of shellfish toxins, to instrumental analysis by developing original methods. In the sample
preparation procedure JFFIC uses EVOLUTE® ABN hydrophilic/hydrophobic SPE columns from Biotage.
Part No: PPS426Issued year: 2016File size: 0.38mbFile type: pdf
Customer case: Welsh Water. Analytical on-line cartridges for environmental testing from Biotage were released in 2016. Russell Gibbs from Dŵr Cymru Welsh Water has just started using them for drinking water testing.
Part No: CM-TRIT-0810Issued year: 2010File size: 0.26mbFile type: pdf
Trityl-ChemMatrix is mainly used to obtain a protected peptide as is has very low TFA cleavage conditions (under 1%). This resin therefore has the same cleavage conditions as the Cl-Trityl-polystyrene. On request, Trityl-ChemMatrix resins can
be offered preloaded will all 20 natural amino acids. Other amino acids can be preloaded on special request. Please take note that the Cl-Trityl-ChemMatrix resin is not offered for stability reasons. It is most effective to start with the Trityl-
OH-ChemMatrix resinchlorinate the resin and then add the amino acid of desire.
Part No: PPS448.v2Issued year: 2017File size: 0.53mbFile type: pdf
The TurboVap® 96 is a high speed concentrator designed to work with 96-well microplates and deep-well plates. It is an efficient alternative to the constant monitoring and long evaporation times that are characteristic of conventional techniques — with the added bonus of unattended operation.
Part No: TV-SS-07Issued year: 2010File size: 0.23mbFile type: pdf
In order to decide which model TurboVap will best fit a laboratory’s application, the following questions should be asked, along with following the flowchart on the reverse side:
• After extraction on the Dionex ASE, what is the matrix of my extract?
• After extraction on the Dionex ASE, will the extract require further cleanups or drying steps?
• What other types of samples may require concentration that are not extracted on the ASE, so that I may select the model TurboVap that will be suitable for all types?
• Do I have enough Dionex ASE extracts and enough non-ASE extracts to justify two separate model TurboVaps?
• Does it make sense for me to purchase a standard TurboVap model now, and convert with the ASE compatible kit later?