Part No: AN003-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.86mbFile type: pdf
This study shows that the SPE-DEX® 4790 Automated Extractor system can process water samples containing suspended particulate matter, up to 1000 mg, for the analysis of PAH’s. As PAH’s are found in both the dissolved and particulate phase of the water sample, it is important to be able to handle “whole” water samples such that the particulate matter in the water sample is retained and extracted with the SPE disk. This filtration method ensures that the PAH’s found in the dissolved phase, and those adsorbed onto the particulate matter are properly
Part No: AN052-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.72mbFile type: pdf
Effective removal of residual water from organic solvents is critical to achieve optimal recoveries for water soluble compounds. Sodium sulfate has been the standard technique for removing residual water from solvent extracts for many years; however, it has several major drawbacks. Water soluble analytes in the residual water phase can become adsorbed in the sodium sulfate, leading to lower recoveries.
Part No: AN103-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.61mbFile type: pdf
Pesticides, including insecticides, herbicides and fungicides are used extensively to increase agricultural yields. The total world usage of pesticides in 2007 was approximately 5.2 billion pounds with the US consuming approximately 22% of the total.1 The wide use of pesticides yields concern that drinking water sources will become contaminated, exposing the population to hazardous substances that may cause cancer.
Part No: AN080-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.18mbFile type: pdf
This application note demonstrates the use of automated solid phase extraction for a variety of pharmaceutical compounds in drinking water,
wastewater and surface water. The criteria specified in US EPA Method 1694 was met, even at very low concentrations. For lower concentrations a larger sample of water may be processed.
Part No: AN115-HORIssued year: 2017File size: 2.3mbFile type: pdf
Pesticides have gone far in increasing food supply, important in a world expecting to have 9.8 billion people by 2050. However, the mechanisms that make pesticides effective in eliminating pests can also cause harm to humans and animals. News stories continue to point to contamination through spills and exposure through the respiratory system.
Part No: AN110-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 2.15mbFile type: pdf
This work demonstrates the performance of automated solid phase extraction (SPE) for the extraction of PAHs from surface water sampled from a nearby pond containing some particulate. An automated system (Biotage® Horizon 4790) with Atlantic® DVB disks, following the requirements of method EN 16691, was used.
Part No: AN109-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.5mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the automated solid phase extraction (SPE) and GC/MS analysis of whole water samples according to EN16691 for PAHs.
Method EN 16691 is a recently developed method that uses solid phase extraction to isolate organic compounds from 1 L of water using a divinylbenzene (DVB) solid phase extraction disk.
Part No: AN122-HORIssued year: 2017File size: 1.87mbFile type: pdf
This application note demonstrates the performance of automated disk-based solid phase extraction (SPE), using Biotage® Horizon 5000 automated extraction system and Atlantic® DVB SPE disks, for concentration of organochlorine pesticides from whole water, prior to GC/MS analysis, following the requirements of EN16693:2015.
Part No: AN120-HORIssued year: 2017File size: 1.44mbFile type: pdf
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be found in a number of water types, such as drinking water, surface water, ground water and wastewater. There are serval types of extraction techniques that can be implemented to remove them from water for measurement including liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), continuous liquid-liquid extraction (CLLE) and solid phase extraction (SPE). With LLE and CLLE there is little selectivity within the methods for difficult matrices or other compound interferences.
Part No: AN002-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 0.94mbFile type: pdf
This study shows that the Biotage® 4790 Automated Extractor system, along with the Atlantic™ DVB disk, the DryDisk® separation membrane, and the DryVap® Concentrator System can be successfully used to analyze for Nonyl Phenol and Bisphenyl A in water samples. This sample preparation process is fully automated, requiring minimal human intervention, and allowing for reductions in sample processing costs.
Part No: AN022-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.91mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 1657 describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organophosphorous pesticides in wastewater.
The disks compared in this study are: “Certified for Automation” Atlantic™ C18 (47 mm) and 3M Empore™ High Performance Extraction Disk C18 (47 mm).
Part No: AN008-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.89mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 525.2 describes the procedure to determine
low ppb levels of semi-volatile organic material in drinking
water using solid phase extraction (SPE) or liquid-solid
extraction (LSE) techniques. The extraction solvents are
methylene chloride and ethyl acetate. Extracts are analyzed
by GC/MS using a splitless injection technique.
Part No: AN024-HORIssued year: 2012File size: 0.86mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application is to demonstrate the viability of a solid phase extraction (SPE) method utilizing the Horizon Technology SPE-DEX 1000/3000XL Controller with application firmware version 2.2 to extract samples for EPA Method 1664A/B and fulfill all QC requirements.
Part No: AN025-HORIssued year: 2012File size: 0.87mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to demonstrate the
viability of a solid phase extraction (SPE) method utilizing
the Biotage® Horizon 4790 Extractor withthe Envision® Platform software version 1.02 to extract samples for EPA Method 1664A/B and fulfil all QC requirements.
Part No: AN053-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.3mbFile type: pdf
Carbaryl, a commonly used insecticide for the past 20 years, has become a significant environmental concern throughout the world. Also known through its trademarked name Sevin, it is a cholinesterase inhibitor and can be toxic to humans, causing problems in the blood, nervous, and reproductive systems.
Part No: AN001-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.35mbFile type: pdf
Hormones in drinking water are a growing concern, since the presence of these compounds can potentially be linked to serious health hazards such as human developmental and reproductive side-effects. Hormones are introduced into our environment in several ways. Natural and synthetic hormones that are given to livestock, pass though the animals, runoff into surface water, and leach into underground water supplies. Humans also produce and excrete natural hormone waste every day.
Part No: AN012-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.99mbFile type: pdf
The second Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Regulation (UCMR2) program was developed to monitor US drinking water sources for currently unregulated compounds. EPA Method 529 is categorized under List 1, Assessment Monitoring in the UCMR2 program, and focuses on three explosives: 1,3-dinitrobenzene; 2,4,6- trinitrotoluene (TNT); and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5- triazine (RDX). The resulting data will be used by the EPA to determine whether or not regulatory standards should be established for these compounds.
Part No: AN078-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.25mbFile type: pdf
This application note was developed to demonstrate the extraction of five organophosphate compounds Monocrotophos, Diazinon, Malathion, EPN, and Methamidophos using one solid phase extraction method with one pre-treatment step of sodium chloride (NaCl). The method uses the Biotage® Horizon 4790 automated SPE extraction system. It will show the efficiency of the extraction while demonstrating excellent recoveries of OPP compounds using methylene chloride and minimal amounts of acetone after sample pre-treatment with sodium chloride. Methods were developed and results are shown using 47 mm Atlantic® HLB-H disks and carbon cartridges.
Part No: AN009-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.33mbFile type: pdf
Method 525.2 describes the procedure to determine a full suite of low concentration semi-volatile organic compounds in drinking water using solid phase extraction (SPE) or liquid–solid extraction (LSE) techniques. The City of Fort Worth, Water Department implemented an automated SPE process for the analysis of semi-volatiles by EPA Method 525.2 using the Atlantic® C18 solid phase extraction disk. Ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to condition the Atlantic C18 disk prior to the extraction step. The extraction solvents used were a 1:1 mixture of methylene chloride and ethyl acetate. Extracts were then analyzed by GC/MS using a splitless injection technique.