Part No: P144Issued year: 2016File size: 0.6mbFile type: pdf
The ability to extract a broad range of different drugs from a biological matrix allows for the expedited analysis of a patient sample using LC-MS/MS. Typically small molecules are extracted from matrices like urine based on their polarities. A fast and reliable sample preparation method that could be implemented to extract drugs of different polarities from urine could be used as a screening tool to quickly identify the presence of illicit drugs in patient samples using LC-MS-MS.
This poster demonstrates the utility of supported liquid extraction for the extraction of over 30 different acidic, basic and neutral drugs in urine prior to LC-MS/MS.
Part No: AN886Issued year: 2017File size: 1mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of 96 licit and illicit drugs of abuse from urine prior to UPLC-MS/MS analysis using EVOLUTE® HYDRO CX 96-well plates.
EVOLUTE® HYDRO CX plates offer an efficient way to perform hydrolysis in the well of the extraction plate. This method provides high analyte recovery, reduced extraction time due to the elimination of a sample transfer step as well as the elimination of the column conditioning and equilibration steps, and a reduced risk for sample carryover or cross-contamination due to the elimination of the sample transfer step.
Part No: AN815Issued year: 2014File size: 1.52mbFile type: pdf
The method described in this application note achieves high recoveries of THC and an extended suite of common metabolites in oral fluid from Quantisal (Immunalysis) oral fluid collection devices.
This application note describes effective and efficient
ISOLUTE SLE+ protocols optimized for sample loading volumes of either 300 μL or 800 μL. The simple sample preparation procedure delivers clean extracts and analyte recoveries greater than 64% with RSDs of <10% for all analytes.
Part No: AN893Issued year: 2018File size: 0.91mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the fully automated extraction of carboxy-THC from urine, following base hydrolysis prior to GC/MS analysis. The method was automated using Biotage® ExtraheraTM, configured for use with EVOLUTE EXPRESS ABN columns.
The method delivers clean extracts and analyte recovery of 90% with RSD lower than 10% for carboxy-THC and its deuterated internal standard. Using the Biotage® ExtraheraTM, 24 samples were extracted in approximately 38 minutes. The limit of quantitation of 2 ng/mL is below the SAMHSA/ EWDTS confirmation cut off of 15 ng/mL for workplace testing applications.
Part No: AN892Issued year: 2018File size: 0.87mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the fully automated extraction of carboxy-THC from urine, following base hydrolysis prior to GC/MS analysis. The method was automated using Biotage® ExtraheraTM, configured for use with ISOLUTE SLE+ columns.
The simple sample preparation procedure delivers clean extracts and analyte recoveries greater than 80% with RSDs lower than 10% for carboxy-THC and its deuterated internal standard. Using Biotage Extrahera, 24 samples are extracted in approximately 35 minutes. Limit of quantitation is below the SAMHSA/EWDTS confirmation cut off of 15 ng/mL for workplace testing applications.
Part No: PPS443.V.1Issued year: 2019File size: 2.98mbFile type: pdf
Analysis of drug panels in urine samples can be challenging, and the trend towards larger panels including multiple drug classes compounds the issues faced during method development.
This white paper examines a number of aspects of sample preparation, and their impact on the success of subsequent LC-MS/MS analysis of broad urine panels.
Section 1 examines the applicability of various sample preparation techniques: supported liquid extraction, reverse phase SPE and mixed-mode SPE, to the various classes of drugs extracted. In addition, hydrolysis approaches: enzyme type and protocol used (time, temperature), are compared.
Mixed-mode reverse phase/cation exchange SPE is widely used for extraction of basic drug classes from urine, but the inclusion of drugs and metabolites that exhibit ‘non-typical’ functionality within urine panels can be problematic. Section 2 examines the impact of various parameters (interference wash strength, elution solvent composition) on analyte retention, elution and extract cleanliness with particular focus on zwitterionic (gabapentin, pregabalin) and non-ionic (carisoprodol, meprobamate) drugs.
Part No: P156Issued year: 2017File size: 0.23mbFile type: pdf
Most drugs are excreted in urine as glucuronide conjugates. Hydrolysis using a beta-glucuronidase enzyme to convert the metabolites to their “free” form for analysis increases sensitivity. Red abalone (Kura Biotech), abalone (Campbell Scientific), and recombinant (IMCSzyme) beta-glucuronidase enzymes were evaluated to determine which provided the most complete hydrolysis of glucuronide metabolites without effecting the overall recovery of non-conjugated compounds.
EVOLUTE EXPRESS CX 96-well plates were used to extract hydrolysed urine samples, and the impact of th enzymes was compared.
MSACL 2017, Palm Springs
SOFT 2017, Boca Raton
Part No: AN841Issued year: 2015File size: 0.82mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC from a urine matrix, prior to GC/MS analysis.
Carboxy-THC is the primary metabolite of THC, a key indicator of illicit marijuana usage. In urine, ~80% of the carboxy-THC metabolite is present in the form of its glucuronide metabolite. Therefore, to effectively quantify the THC-COOH, urine is hydrolyzed before extraction. This application note describes optimized extraction of urine samples prepared by either enzymatic or base hydrolysis.
Part No: AN720Issued year: 2011File size: 0.22mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of THC and metabolites from urine using ISOLUTE SLE+ columns or plates. The most prevalent marker in biological samples taken from cannabis abusers is 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-THC. Here we demonstrate a supported liquid extraction procedure for 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-THC.
Part No: AN875Issued year: 2017File size: 3.36mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction, using ISOLUTE SLE+ supported liquid extraction columns, of 49 drugs of abuse from whole blood, prior to UPLC-MS/MS analysis.
High, reproducible drug recoveries are achieved, with sub ng/mL LOQs for most analytes. The method is easily automated using Biotage® Extrahera.
Part No: IST1044AIssued year: 2011File size: 0.11mbFile type: pdf
The method addresses the extraction of all three classes of drugs of abuse from urine using non-polar and cation exchange retention mechanisms on the ISOLUTE HCX mixed mode column. This protocol was optimized to eliminate the use of dichloromethane in the elution of the acidic / neutral drug fraction.
Part No: IST1035Issued year: 2011File size: 0.11mbFile type: pdf
This method was developed for the extraction of the tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid metabolite (THC-COOH) from urine using a mixed non-polar and anion exchange retention mechanism. Typical recoveries of the analyte are > 75%.
THC, THC-COOH, BIOTAGE, ISOLUTE, SPE, DOA, drugs of abuse
Part No: AN867Issued year: 2016File size: 1.28mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction, using ISOLUTE SLE+ supported liquid extraction columns, of THC, THCA and Carboxy-THC from oral fluid matrix collected using the NeoSal device, prior to GC/MS analysis.
Part No: AN840Issued year: 2015File size: 0.7mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of Δ9-THC, 11-hydroxy- Δ9-THC and 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC from whole blood matrix, prior to GC/MS analysis.
An extremely simple sample pre-treatment and extraction method is employed to extract the parent THC and main metabolites from complex whole blood matrix, delivering high, reproducible analyte recoveries.
Part No: AN819Issued year: 2014File size: 1.54mbFile type: pdf
This application note describes the extraction of THC, THCA and Carboxy-THC from oral fluid matrix collected using the Intercept Oral Fluid Drug Test Kit (Orasure Technologies), prior to GC/MS analysis.