Aflatoxins, a mold largely produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus1 are commonly tested mycotoxins found naturally in a wide range of agriculture crops and food products. Due to their harmful effects on human health, animal health, and global trade, aflatoxins are regulated in most countries and have established global limits in a wide variety of matrices.
Mycotoxin testing awareness has increased as countries involved in world trade of raw agriculture and processed consumer products rely on a safe global food supply. Several mycotoxins are naturally produced and monitored; however, aflatoxins, produced mainly by the Aspergillus species, are considered to be the most important mycotoxin group in the world’s food supply to monitor.
Deoxynivalenol is a common mycotoxin found in wheat agriculture crops. Being the most popular agricultural cereal crop, wheat is also a dietary staple for about 35% of the global human population and animals. Safety of wheat food and agriculture products is a concern, with deoxynivalenol present in 90% of food and feed samples.
Natural and synthetic phenolic compounds have been used in a wide range of applications, from antiseptics and fungicides, to food additives. With the adoption of the Clean Water Act (CWA), many phenolic compounds were placed on a list of Priority Pollutants.
Mycotoxin testing in consumer food products has become increasingly important as global food trade increases, making it necessary to identify mycotoxins efficiently and accurately. Deoxynivalenol, also known as vomitoxin, is a mycotoxin commonly found in wheat feed crops. Because wheat is a highly-used raw agricultural export commodity in many counties for both animal feed and consumer food products, it is an important component in the diets of both humans and animals.