Part No: AN009-HORIssued year: 2015File size: 1.33mbFile type: pdf
Method 525.2 describes the procedure to determine a full suite of low concentration semi-volatile organic compounds in drinking water using solid phase extraction (SPE) or liquid–solid extraction (LSE) techniques. The City of Fort Worth, Water Department implemented an automated SPE process for the analysis of semi-volatiles by EPA Method 525.2 using the Atlantic® C18 solid phase extraction disk. Ethyl acetate, methanol and water were used to condition the Atlantic C18 disk prior to the extraction step. The extraction solvents used were a 1:1 mixture of methylene chloride and ethyl acetate. Extracts were then analyzed by GC/MS using a splitless injection technique.
Part No: AN019-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.92mbFile type: pdf
The City of Fort Worth, Water Department conducted an evaluation of the Atlantic™ solid phase extraction (SPE) C18 disks using EPA Method 608. This application note describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs in wastewater. This procedure used methylene chloride as the primary extraction solvent, followed by a hexane solvent exchange. Extracts were then analyzed by GC/ECD using a pressure pulse injection technique.
Part No: AN021-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.89mbFile type: pdf
Method 1657 describes the procedure to determine low ppb levels of organophosphorus pesticides in municipal and industrial wastewater.
The City of Fort Worth Water Department implemented Automated SPE for the analysis of organophosphorous pesticides by EPA Method 1657, using the Atlantic™ C18 solid phase extraction disk.
The Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extraction System with Envision®
Platform controller, and the DryVap® Automated Drying
and Concentration System were used in this application note.
Part No: AN038-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 2.13mbFile type: pdf
This application note demontrates that the Biotage® fully automated extraction, drying and concentration systems used with the Atlantic™ HLB disk are capable of extracting PAH compounds from sea water.
Typical extraction times using the Biotage® Horizon 4790 range from 20 to 25 minutes while drying and concentration on the DryVap® with the DryDisk® took approximately 35 minutes.
Part No: AN011-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.93mbFile type: pdf
The second unregulated contaminant monitoring regulation (UCMR2) program was developed to monitor US drinking water sources for currently unregulated compounds. EPA Method 527 is categorized under List 1; Assessment Monitoring in the UCMR2 program. It focuses on a wide range of semi volatile organic contaminants including pesticides that were deferred during the first UCMR, flame retardants, and pyrethroid pesticides. This application for EPA Method 527 employs SPE with analysis by gas chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC/MS).
Part No: AN035-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.83mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to demonstrate the use of a fully automated solid phase extraction (SPE) and concentration system that provides fast extraction while improving the quality and consistency of results for EPA Method 8270D.
Part No: AN036-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.86mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to demonstrate the capabilities of the Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extractor System when used for the analysis of nitramine, nitroaromatic, and nitrate ester compounds in surface and ground water.
Part No: Issued year: 2014File size: 0.12mbFile type: pdf
This poster describes the development and validation of a method for supported liquid extraction of serum cortisol, with analysis by UPLC-MS/MS. The aim of this study was to develop a candidate reference method that could then be used to underpin the UK NEQAS Cortisol scheme.
MSACL EU 2014
Part No: AN004-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.72mbFile type: pdf
This evaluation study was conducted to determine the feasibility of the Biotage SPE-DEXÒ 4790 Automated Extraction System for the extraction of herbicides and pesticides. The preliminary results demonstrate the capability of this method for the automated SPE extraction of organic compounds.
Part No: Issued year: 2017File size: 0.27mbFile type: pdf
This poster describes a simple solid phase extraction method using EVOLUTE® EXPRESS ABN columns for the extraction of the marine toxins okadaic acid (OA), dinophysistoxins (DTX1 and DTX2), ciguatoxin 3C (CTX3C) and tetrodotoxin (TTX).
Part No: AN057Issued year: 2012File size: 0.21mbFile type: pdf
The formation of diarylethers by reacting an arylhalide and phenol is usually a reaction demanding long reaction times, high temperatures and strong bases, in order to obtain acceptable yield. The substitution patent of the electrophile and the nucleophile affects the reaction times mostly. A sterically hindered electrophile and a strongly deactivated nucleophile as outlined in the (Scheme 1) below, gives a very low yield (13 %) at conventional reflux for 2 weeks.1,2 Remainder was
recovered starting material. We have previously reported the dramatically shortened reaction time to 1 hour along with improved yield running the reaction outlined in the Scheme by heating by microwaves.
Part No: P131Issued year: 2015File size: 0.47mbFile type: pdf
DMSO and DMF are suitable injection solvents for reversed-phase flash purification. DMSO shows it can be loaded in larger volumes (up to 0.05 mL/g of C18 media or 3.5% of a column volume) without affecting chromatographic separations or carrying compounds with it.
Part No: AN101-HORIssued year: 2016File size: 1.07mbFile type: pdf
This application note highlights a SPE disk which was specifically designed to increase the recoveries of traditionally difficult polar compounds as well as help to increase the diversity of the traditional 525.2 list to include those compounds which are of concern in today’s society.
Part No: P171Issued year: 2017File size: 0.69mbFile type: pdf
This poster demonstrates protocols for the determination of a range of drugs of abuse following collection with the NeoSal™ oral fluid device and GC/MS analysis. The drug suites includes amphetamines and synthetic cathinones, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, opiates, cannabinoids and synthetic cannabinoids.
SOFT 2017, Boca Raton
Part No: P174Issued year: 2017File size: 1.44mbFile type: pdf
This poster discusses the potential for a single extraction protocol
for various drugs of abuse classes in whole blood prior to UPLC-MS/MS analysis.
SOFT 2017, Boca Raton
also presented at SFTA, Marseille, France, 2018
Part No: P157Issued year: 2017File size: 0.8mbFile type: pdf
This poster demonstrates that a large urine panel, comprised of 43 DOAs, from multiple drug classes, can be simultaneously screened by mixed-mode cation exchange SPE (using EVOLUTE EXPRESS CX 96 well plates) despite their disparate intermolecular traits, by thoughtfully selecting appropriate organic wash and elution conditions that simultaneously enable sample isolation and detection along with minimizing sample matrix effects.
The extraction method is automated using the Biotage® Extrahera™ Automated sample Preparation Platform.
MSACL 2017, Palm Springs
SOFT 2017, Boca Raton
Part No: DLV_TN.0111Issued year: 2011File size: 0.08mbFile type: pdf
One of the most common flash purification challenges is
dealing with hard-to-dissolve crude samples. Because polar
solvents cause poor chromatographic results when used as
injection solvents in normal-phase flash chromatography, other
sample load options are needed.
Part No: F0221702_01Issued year: 2017File size: 0.62mbFile type: pdf
The DryDisk membrane drying system provides advantages for removing water from nonpolar solvents, important in protecting the chromatograph in the analysis step, especially critical in protecting GC and GC/MS.
Part No: TN0081507_01Issued year: 2015File size: 0.55mbFile type: pdf
Removing water with a membrane rather than the older technique of passing the solvent through a column of sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) brings several advantages. The most important analytically is that the membrane will not adsorb analytes or contaminate the extract with matrix or other potential interferences.
Part No: Issued year: 2006File size: 0.46mbFile type: pdf
Why spend hours using traditional evaporation techniques when the automated evaporation capability of the DryVap System can take your compound to
dryness in minutes? Through the precise application of vacuum, heat and nitrogen sparge, the DryVap System gently and predictably evaporates all residual solvent from your compound allowing you to quickly move on to the next step.
Part No: P149Issued year: 2016File size: 0.12mbFile type: pdf
With the de-criminalization of recreational cannabis, containing the hallucinogen THC, and other cannabinoids with purported medicinal value, e.g. CBD (Figure 1), in several states a need for higher purity “products” has become a necessity. Current technology uses extraction with supercritical fluids or other non-supercritical solvents to remove the products of interest from other endogenous species such as lipids, terpenes, and chlorophylls as well as pesticides.
These techniques help clean up raw extracts and isolate cannabinoids with higher-purity but not to the levels desired by many producers so there is a developing need for a secondary purification step.
Part No: PPS376Issued year: 2015File size: 1.6mbFile type: pdf
User Case: Kissei Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. One of Japan’s innovative pharmaceutical companies uses Isolera™ flash
purification systems and Biotage® Initiator+ microwave synthesizers in the
development of new prescription drugs. Modern lab instruments contribute to
efficient use of time and resources at Kissei Pharmaceuticals.
Part No: P143Issued year: 2016File size: 0.27mbFile type: pdf
Buprenorphine and Norbuprenorphine are typically problematic for analysis due to analyte stability issues during sample preparation.
This poster will demonstrate two fast and robust methods for the extraction of buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine in urine (using EVOLUTE EXPRESS CX), oral fluid (using EVOLUTE EXPRESS CX) and whole blood (using ISOLUTE SLE+).
Part No: PN43Issued year: 2011File size: 0.27mbFile type: pdf
Endogenous phospholipids present in biological fluids are a major problem in LCMS/ MS analysis as they are often very difficult to remove during sample preparation. When phospholipids are not removed, they retain very strongly on reversed phase analytical columns. If high organic (end of run) washes are not incorporated into the LC methods these matrix components may elute in subsequent analyses causing regions of suppression/enhancement leading to inaccurate quantitation. This poster evaluates the use of polymer-based solid phase extraction (SPE) sorbents, incorporating hydrophobic and various mixedmode retention mechanisms to address the problems associated with phospholipid removal.
Phospholipid, EVOLUTE, STRATA X, OASIS, WATERS, AX, WAX, CX, WCX, ABN, ASMS 2011
Part No: P078Issued year: 2014File size: 0.25mbFile type: pdf
This poster focuses on the different strategies that can be employed when using EVOLUTE SPE sorbents (with both single and dual retention mechanisms) to reduce or eliminate residual phospholipids in sample extracts.
Part No: P032Issued year: 2011File size: 1.35mbFile type: pdf
Endogenous phospholipids (outline structure shown in
Figure 1.) present in biological fluids are a major problem
in LC-MS/MS analysis. Due to their strong retention
characteristics in reversed phase chromatography
phospholipids tend not to elute as discrete peaks and are
often very difficult to separate from analytes of interest.
This co-elution often leads to areas of suppression or enhancement in the chromatogram which in turn can cause
quantitation issues. Supported liquid extraction (SLE) is an
analogous technique to traditional liquidliquid
extraction. This poster compares phospholipid removal using a wide variety of solvent combinations, pH control and polar extraction solvents on supported liquid extraction plates
Part No: Issued year: 2011File size: 1.65mbFile type: pdf
User Report: Syro I, University of Tokyo. The Suga Laboratory at RCAST, University of Tokyo, uses the Biotage Syro I automated peptide synthesizer for scaling up the chemical synthesis of non-standard peptides.
Part No: AN026-HORIssued year: 2012File size: 0.85mbFile type: pdf
The purpose of this application note is to introduce a modification to the preprogrammed methods on the Biotage® Horizon 1000/3000XL Controller with application firmware version 2.2. The methods are utilized in the solid phase extraction (SPE) process to extract samples for EPA Method 1664AB and fulfill QC requirements.
Part No: 412941-DIssued year: 2012File size: 1.18mbFile type: pdf
ELSD-1080 (evaporative light-scattering detector) is a
universal detector designed for use with Isolera One
and Isolera Four systems when purifying compounds
with little or no UV absorption such as carbohydrates,
steroids, lipids, and terpenes
Part No: AN084Issued year: 2014File size: 0.86mbFile type: pdf
This application note outlines how to use the Isolera system to perform a size-exclusion separation as part of a sample clean up method defined by the EPA, a key sample preparation step in environmental laboratories.
Part No: AN028-HORIssued year: 2010File size: 0.8mbFile type: pdf
Method 1668A is used for determining the level of chlorinated biphenyl congeners by high resolution gas chromatography with high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). For aqueous samples (samples containing less than 1% solids) – Stable isotopically labelled analogs of the toxic PCB’s are spiked into a 1L sample, and the sample is extracted using the Biotage® Horizon 4790 Automated Extraction System along with the Atlantic™ C18 solid phase extraction (SPE) disk.
Samples are then dried and concentrated using the DryVap® Automated Drying and Concentrating System with DryDisk® technology.
Part No: AN005-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.8mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 506 is used to determine Phthalate and Adipate Esters in drinking water. The analytes are extracted from water using a Horizon Technology 47 mm Atlantic C18 disk. The disk is extracted with Acetonitrile and Methylene Chloride. The extract is then dried and concentrated to a final volume of 1.0 mL using the Horizon Technology DryVap® with DryDisk® technology. Final analysis is by GC/PID.
Part No: AN006-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.8mbFile type: pdf
Method 508.1 is used to determine twenty-nine chlorinated
pesticides, three herbicides, and four organohalides in
ground water, drinking water, and water in any treatment
stage. The analytes are extracted from the water using a 47
mm C18 disk. The disk is extracted on the Horizon
Technology SPE-DEX® 4790 Automated Extraction
System using Ethyl Acetate and Methylene Chloride
(DCM). The extract is then dried and concentrated using
the Horizon Technology DryVap® with DryDisk®
technology. Final analysis is by GC/ECD.
Part No: AN010-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.8mbFile type: pdf
Method 526 is a gas chromatography / mass spectrometry(GC/MS) method for the determination of selected semivolatile compounds in raw and finished drinking waters.This method efficiently extracts analytes using the SPEDEX® 4790 with an Atlantic® 47 mm polystyrene divinylbenzene (DVB) disk. The disk is extracted with using Ethyl Acetate (EtAc) and Methylene Chloride (DCM). The extract is then dried and concentrated using the DryVap® concentrator system coupled with DryDisk® technology to a final volume of 1.0 mL. Final analysis is done by GC/MS.
Part No: AN013-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.74mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 548.1 details the procedure for the determination of endothall in drinking water by ionexchange solid phase extraction (SPE), acidic methanol methylation, and gas chromatography / mass spectrometry.
This note presents data from the State of Idaho Bureau of Labs for the initial demonstration of capability using the Biotage® Horizon T4790 Automated Extractor System.
Part No: AN015-HORIssued year: 2009File size: 0.79mbFile type: pdf
EPA Method 552.1 is an ion exchange procedure used for determining haloacetic acids and dalapon in drinking water and drinking water sources.
The purpose of this application note is to present data demonstrating the capability of the Horizon Technology SPE-DEX® 4790 Automated Extraction System to perform the sample extraction required for this method.
Part No: P128Issued year: 2015File size: 0.26mbFile type: pdf
In all areas of analytical laboratory testing it is vital to ensure proper quality measures are in place to reduce or eliminate cross contamination between samples, which could result in false positive and/or false negative results. In many cases sample carryover in the LC/MS system is checked early on in the method development process. However, one area that can often be overlooked the sample preparation stage. This involves all aspects including pipetting, sample transfer, extraction protocol, evaporation and mixing steps. This poster examines various stages of the sample preparation process to determine the potential for cross contamination and present approaches to minimize and or eliminate the effect. This is demonstrated via a series of dye experiments combined with analyte testing using LC-MS/MS.
Part No: P126Issued year: 2015File size: 0.48mbFile type: pdf
This poster demonstrates the use of a novel protein and phospholipid depletion plate, for the extraction of 25-hydroxy vitamin D from serum. The extraction protocol was ultimately transferred to an SPE automation platform and method performance versus manual processing was compared.
Part No: P079Issued year: 2014File size: 0.59mbFile type: pdf
The new ISOLUTE® PLD+ Protein and Phospholipid Removal Plate is highlighted in this poster. Protein and phospholipid removal, and analyte recovery are included, along with data illustrating the positive impact of clean (PL and protein free) samples in maintaining analyte signal intensity and low UPLC column back pressure over multiple LCMS runs.
Part No: P088Issued year: 2014File size: 1.06mbFile type: pdf
This poster evaluates the performance of a novel 96-well filter plate (ISOLUTE PLD+ Protein and Phospholipid Removal Plate) for
the simultaneous removal of proteins and phospholipids from serum samples prior to LC-MS/MS analysis.
Part No: P104Issued year: 2014File size: 0.77mbFile type: pdf
This poster presents the ISOLUTE PLD+ Protein and Phospholipid removal plate, highlighting its ease of use and excellent performance with respect to sample clean up, analyte recovery and elimination of back pressure build up in the UPLC system.